Green Energy Development Strategy Towards Green Logistics: Case Study At PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia III (Persero) Benoa Bali

Arif Devi Dwipayana(1), Ni Luh Darmayanti(2),

(1) Land Transportation Polytechnic of Bali, Jalan Cempaka Putih Desa Samsam, Kecamatan Kerambitan, Kabupaten Tabanan 82161, Bali, Indonesia
(2) Land Transportation Polytechnic of Bali, Jalan Cempaka Putih Desa Samsam, Kecamatan Kerambitan, Kabupaten Tabanan 82161, Bali, Indonesia
Corresponding Author


Implementing green logistics involves using environmentally friendly practices and technologies in the management of supply chains and transportation of goods. The potential benefits gained in implementing green logistics include, a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, energy, and resource efficiency, reduced operational costs, reputation, and regulatory compliance. This research aims to create a strategy for developing the use of green energy towards green logistics at Benoa Port. The research methodology using a systematic literature review hybrid type then present several development strategy schemes that will be implemented. The results of the research conclude that the sea side and land side strategies can be applied to Benoa Port, the initial development strategy that has the greatest potential to be implemented is wind energy and solar energy on the land side to support the implementation of green logistics in fulfilling the Port area's electrical energy, the implications of this research will have an impact on the development of green energy for other ports in Indonesia in accordance with the government's national energy policy.


Green Energy, Green Logistic, Strategy, Benoa Port


F. Maes, J.-P. Merckx, L. Jonas, H. Pirlet, and V. Thomas, Maritime transport, shipping and ports. In: Dauwe. 2022.

O. Oloruntobi, K. Mokhtar, A. Gohari, S. Asif, and L. F. Chuah, “Sustainable Transition Towards Greener and Cleaner Seaborne Shipping Industry: Challenges and Opportunities,” Cleaner Engineering and Technology, vol. 13, no. March, p. 100628, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.clet.2023.100628.

M. Acciaro, H. Ghiara, and M. I. Cusano, “Energy Management in Seaports: A New Role for Port Authorities,” Energy Policy, vol. 71, pp. 4–12, Aug. 2014, doi: 10.1016/J.ENPOL.2014.04.013.

V. Duc Bui, H. Phuong Nguyen, X. Phuong Nguyen, and H. Chi Minh city, “Optimization of Energy Management Systems in Seaports as a Potential Strategy for Sustainable Sevelopment,” Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research and Developments, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 19–30, 2021.

M. Langenus and M. Dooms, “Creating an Industry-Level Business Model for Sustainability: The Case of the European Ports Industry,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 195, pp. 949–962, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2018.05.150.

Ç. Iris and J. S. L. Lam, “A Review of Energy Efficiency in Ports: Operational Strategies, Technologies and Energy Management Systems,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 112, pp. 170–182, Sep. 2019, doi: 10.1016/J.RSER.2019.04.069.

Desain Pengembangan Pelabuhan Benoa Dan Pemanfaatan Dumping I Dan II. PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia III (Persero).

S. Pettit, P. Wells, J. Haider, and W. Abouarghoub, “Revisiting History: Can Shipping Achieve a Second Socio-Technical Transition for Carbon Emissions Reduction?,” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 58, pp. 292–307, Jan. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.TRD.2017.05.001.

K. L. Rødsetha, H. Schøyenb, and P. B. Wangsnessa, “Decomposing Growth in Norwegian Seaport Container Throughput and Associated Air Pollution,” Transportation Research Part D, vol. 85, no. May, p. 102391, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102391.

N. B. Ahamad, M. Othman, J. C. Vasquez, J. M. Guerrero, and C.-L. Su, “Optimal Sizing and Performance Evaluation of a Renewable Energy Based Microgrid in Future Seaports,” in 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT), 2018, pp. 1043–1048.

S. Boglietti, M. Carra, M. Sotgiu, B. Barabino, M. Bonera, and G. Maternini, “Planning for Electric Car Charging: A Review of Technologies, Criteria and Methods,” Electrifying Mobility: Realising a Sustainable Future for the Car, pp. 159–187, 2022.

H. M. Elnajjar, A. S. Shehata, A. H. A. Elbatran, and M. F. Shehadeh, “Experimental and Techno-Economic Feasibility Analysis of Renewable Energy Technologies for Jabel Ali Port in UAE,” Energy Reports, vol. 7, no. May, pp. 116–136, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2021.08.102.

Yigit, K., Acarkan, B., 2018. A new electrical energy management approach for ships using mixed energy sources to ensure sustainable port cities. Sustain. Cities Soc. 40, 126–135.

J. Hulland and M. B. Houston, “Why Systematic Review Papers and Meta-Analyses Matter: an Introduction to the Special Issue on Generalizations in Marketing,” Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 351–359, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s11747-020-00721-7.

J. Paul, W. M. Lim, A. O’Cass, A. W. Hao, and S. Bresciani, “Scientific procedures and rationales for systematic literature reviews (SPAR-4-SLR),” International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 01–016, 2021.

F. Arena, G. Malara, G. Musolino, C. Rindone, A. Romolo, and A. Vitetta, “From Green-Energy to Green-Logistics: A Pilot Study in an Italian Port Area,” Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 30, pp. 111–118, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2018.09.013.

Irfan Syarif Arif, Sutopo Purwono Fitri. 2016. Kajian Teknis Tahapan Persiapan Pengembangan Energi Laut di Indonesia

G. Attanasio, C. Battistella, and E. Chizzolini, “The Future of Energy Management: Results of a Delphi Panel Applied in the Case of Ports,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 417, no. June, p. 137947, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.137947.

D. F. Silalahi, A. Blakers, M. Stocks, B. Lu, C. Cheng, and L. Hayes, “Indonesia’s Vast Solar Energy Potential,” Energies, vol. 14, no. 17, 2021, doi: 10.3390/en14175424.

M. S. Alim, S. Thamrin, and R. L. W., “Pemanfaatan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya sebagai Alternatif Ketahanan Energi Nasional Masa Depan,” Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Nusantara (JPkMN), vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 2427–2435, 2023.

Electric trucks: Keeping shelves stocked in a net zero world. Australian Trucking Association.

Wayan Sukerayasa, Ida Ayu Dwi Giriantari, 2019. Analisis Keluaran Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu Pada Pilot Project Smart Grid Program Studi Teknik Elektro Universitas Udayana.

Giuseppe Musolino, Corrado Rindone, Antonino Vitetta. 2019. Passengers and freight mobility with electric vehicles: A methodology to plan green transport and logistic services near port area. Transportation Research Procedia 37 (2019) 393–400.

A. Montwiłł, “Inland Ports in the Urban Logistics System. Case Studies,” Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 39, no. 2018, pp. 333–340, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2019.06.035.

K. Du, J. Monios, and Y. Wang, “Green Port Strategies in China,” Green Ports: Inland and Seaside Sustainable Transportation Strategies, pp. 211–229, 2019, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-814054-3.00011-6.

C. Hua et al., “Evaluation and Governance of Green Development Practice of Port: A Sea Port Case of China,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 249, p. 119434, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2019.119434.

A. Buonomano, G. Del Papa, G. F. Giuzio, A. Palombo, and G. Russo, “Future Pathways for Decarbonization and Energy Efficiency of Ports: Modelling and Optimization as Sustainable Energy Hubs,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 420, no. May, p. 138389, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.138389.

D. Pivetta et al., “Optimal Decarbonization Strategies for an Industrial Port Area by Using Hydrogen as Energy Carrier,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 52, pp. 1084–1103, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.07.008.

S. Dm, “Jurnal Manajemen Industri dan Logistik The Influence Of Logistic Management, Governance, And Social Responsibility On Competitiveness And Operational Performance Of Manufacturing Companies At Makassar Industrial Estate ARTICLE INFORMATION ABSTRACT,” Jurnal Manajemen Industri dan Logistik (JMIL), vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 165–176, 2023, doi: 10.30988/jmil.v7i1.1180.

C. Furqon, M. Adib Sultan, H.- Yuin, H. Hendrayati, and A. Paris, “Jurnal Manajemen Industri dan Logistik Green Supply Chain Management Performance Measurement Using the Balanced Scorecard-Analytic Network Process in the Fresh Dairy Industry,” Jurnal Manajemen Industri dan Logistik (JMIL), vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 297–308, 2022, doi: 10.30988/jmil.v6i2.1308.

Full Text: PDF - full text

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 65 times
PDF - full text Download : 30 times

 DOI: 10.30988/jmil.v8i1.1415


  • There are currently no refbacks.