Economic Growth And Carbon Emissions In Asean-6 To Achieve Sustainable Development Goals Through Kuznet Curve Environmental Analysis Approach

Soeharjoto Soeharjoto(1), Nabila Inas Salma(2), Debbie Aryani Tribudhi(3), Lalu Masyhudi(4),


(1) Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta
(3) Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta
(4) Sekolah TInggi Pariwisata Mataram, Indonesia
Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to determine carbon emissions in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations-6 (ASEAN-6) in achieving Sustainable Development Goals using the Kuznet environmental curve analysis approach. Used panel data regression method with carbon emissions as a dependent variable and Gross Domestic Product per capita, Squared Gross Domestic Product per capita, population, energy consumption and Sustainable Development Goals as independent variables. Used panel data from 2009-2018, samples taken from Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines and Vietnam. Results are the suitable random effect model, with per capita Gross Domestic Product and energy consumption having a positive and significant effect on carbon emissions. In contrast, the squared Gross Domestic Product Per capita, population and Sustainable Development Goals have a negative and significant impact on carbon emissions. The Environmental Kuznet curve hypothesis has been proven in this area, although only Singapore has reached a turning point, so  ASEAN-6 will still experience in carbon emissions increase. For this reason, ASEAN-6 needs to implement sustainable development policies, family planning, environmentally friendly energy development, and coordination and seriousness in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Keywords


Carbon emissions; Environmenta;l Kuznet Curve; population; energy; Sustainable Development Goals

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 DOI: 10.30988/jmil.v6i1.972

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